Italian Lesson #59
L’Italiano—che bella lingua!
As we saw again last week, forming the (precise) past in Italian is nothing more than a two-word formula—in this case, a form of essere and the past participle. The formula is the same as it was with avere:
|They arrived||sono arrivate (for females)|
|He left||è partito|
|They entered||sono entrati|
When essere is your starter verb, you will have to make your past participle “match” your subject; for example the past participle of andare could be andato, andata, andati, or andate depending on whom the subject is.
|I went||Sono andato (for a male)|
|I went||Sono andata (for a female)|
|We went||Siamo andati (for males)|
|We went||Siamo andate (for females)|
Practice forming the past participle forms with the following essere verbs:
Buone notizie: very few essere verbs are irregular in the past. Here are a few:
|venire||venuto (to come)|
Some verbs take essere in the past even if they’re not clearly verbs of “coming and going” some of these are:
|nascere (nato)||to be born|
|morire (morto)||to die|
|cadere (caduto)||to fall|
|rimanere (rimasto)||to remain|
Last week’s answers
- Mario left with Marco.
- They arrived early.
- You went to Pesaro yesterday.
- You (plural) returned at 3:30.
- I went out with my girlfriend.